International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences
    ISSN 0975-6299

Int J Pharm Bio Sci Volume 15 Issue 1, January - March, Pages:14-20

Clinical Profile of Thrombocytopenia Patients with Acute Febrile Illness in Tertiary Care Center Raipur, Chhattisgarh

Dr. Sarju Prasad, Dr. Manish Patil, Dr. D. P. Lakra, Dr. Ajit Kumar and Dr. Archana Toppo

Acute febrile illness with thrombocytopenia is a common condition associated with an increased risk of morbidityand mortality. India is a lower-middle-income country (LMIC), with approximately 70% of its population living in rural areas.Thrombocytopenia may be defined as a subnormal number of platelets in the circulating blood. Longer hospital stays in theintensive care unit (ICU), more bleeding events, more transfusions needed, and higher mortality are all associated withthrombocytopenia. Our study aims to observe clinical and laboratory parameters in patients with acute febrile illness withthrombocytopenia in a tertiary care centre. This cross-sectional study was carried out at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Weincluded 125 patients with thrombocytopenia who were ≥18 years of age between March 2022 and December 2022. Thepatients were observed and followed up during their stay in the hospital, diagnoses were made, and bleeding manifestations andplatelet transfusion requirements were recorded. Most patients were in the age group 26-35, with 31.2%. The male-to-femaleratio in our study was 1.3:1. Apart from fever, the most common symptom was myalgia (65.6%). Dengue was diagnosed in mostof the patients (56.8%). The platelet counts of <10000/ cum were observed in 22 patients, among which 14 showed bleedingmanifestations. Acute kidney injury was the most common complication in 24.8% of patients, followed by Hepatitis in 14.4%. Anearly diagnosis and targeted therapy for the underlying cause of febrile thrombocytopenia and maintenance of platelet count andhaemostatic function lead to an effective recovery.

Keywords: Thrombocytopenia, Intensive Care Unit, Acute febrile illness,
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