International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences
 
 
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Int J Pharm Bio Sci Volume 10 Issue 2, 2019 (April-June), Pages:204-210

Illness perception of the patients with hematological cancers: A single center study

 

ELİF GÜLLÜ ÇALIŞKAN, KEZİBAN ŞEN, ALPARSLAN MERDİN, MEHMET SİNAN DAL AND FEVZİ ALTUNTAŞ
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22376/ijpbs.2019.10.2.b204-210
Abstract:

The beliefs and cognitive evaluations of patients about their disease are called illness perception. Patients’ knowledge, comments, perceptions, beliefs, and evaluations about the illness are the factors that determine the psychosocial reactions in the cancer process. Severe anemia, deep neutropenia and thrombocytopenia, mucositis, fatigue, asthenia, susceptibility to bleeding, nausea and vomiting, as well as changes in body image, may severely impair quality of life and psychosocial life in hematologic cancer patients. The relatively poor prognosis of hematological cancers and long-term chemotherapy treatments could be a challenging process for individuals with hematological cancer. In this study, it was aimed  to determine the disease perceptions of the patients with hematological cancers. The research  was a  descriptive study. The study included 80 inpatient unit patients admitted to the hematology clinic between October 2017 and April 2018. It was determined that 42.6% of the patients involved  in the study were diagnosed with acute leukemia and 61.2% of the patients were diagnosed with the disease in  less than 6 months. The most common disease symptoms were reported as  power loss (86.3%), fatigue (85%), sleep problems (60%). Psychological references (stress or anxiety, family problems, personality traits)  were stated as the main cause of illness by the patients. Patients with hematological cancer had negative emotional conditions related to their disease.  Patients believe that their illnesses affect  their physical, psychological and social functions.

Keywords: Hematological cancers, illness, perception, leukemia, lymphoma
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